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Papers are invite for publication in Volume 14 Number 02 (June 2024)

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Current Issue

Effect Of Topical Application Of Anesthetic Agent On Pain Perception Among Patients And Degree Of Difficulty Among Healthcare Providers During Intravenous Cannulation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Ms. Jingam Karlo, Dr. M.J. Kumari, Ms. H.T. Lalthanthuami


Problem: Intravenous cannulation is one of the key procedures that is performed for patients; however, it causes pain and discomfort. Studies have shown feasibility and efficiency of various anesthetic and analgesic agents to reduce pain but it is still not implemented in daily practice. The current study aims to assess the effect of topical application of an anesthetic agent on the pain perception of patients and degree of difficulty for healthcare professionals. Approach: 120 patients who require intravenous cannulation at an emergency department of a tertiary care center were enrolled usinga consecutive sampling technique for therandomized controlled trial. The intervention group received an application of 2% lignocaine gelfive minutes before the procedure, while,control group received a placebo (ECG gel). After the procedure, the pain score from patients anddegree of difficulty score from the health care professionals were assessed. Inferential analyses were done using Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Kruskal Wallis test. Findings: There was a significant difference in pain perception between both groups. Participants in the intervention group mostly experienced mild pain or no pain (56.7% and 20% respectively), however, participants in control group mostly experienced moderate pain (56.7%) and severe pain (28.3%). However, there is no significant difference in the degree of difficulty experienced by healthcare professionals for both groups., Conclusion:The use of a topical anesthetic agent like 2% lignocaine gel before intravenous cannulation is recommended to reduce additional pain experienced by patients during the course of their treatment

Yoga on Parenting Stress in Mothers of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Practice Fields of the Training of Relaxation of Yoga: A Systematic Review

Dr.Ritu Parna Mohanty (PT)1, Dr.Priyadarshini Mishra (PT)2


A static, non-progressive lesion in the brain is the underlying cause of cerebral palsy, a pediatric neurological disorder affecting children. Children with this disease will continue to experience its effects throughout their lives.  A multi-centric team strategy is necessary. The majority of cases of causal events happen during the first two years of a child's life. Due to weak muscles, poor coordination, and overly tense muscles, a kid with CP struggles to carry out their daily activities. The most common cause of cerebral palsy in children is stress, which has negative effects on their environment, development, growth, and the people around them. The purpose of this research is to provide some preliminary evidence that yoga, particularly the relaxation techniques used in yoga, can help alleviate some of the tension that parents of children with cerebral palsy experience.


The Need for Legislation on Live-in Relationships in the Present Scenario in India

Sandeep Kumar Sharma1 & Dr. Narendra Bahadur Singh2


Live-in relationships have become increasingly prevalent in India, challenging traditional notions of marriage and family. However, the absence of specific legislation addressing the rights and protections of individuals in such relationships has led to legal uncertainties and vulnerabilities. This research paper examines the pressing need for legislation on live-in relationships in the present scenario in India. It explores the evolving social dynamics, legal lacunae, and practical considerations necessitating legislative intervention to ensure fairness, equality, and justice for individuals in live-in relationships.


Assistive Technology Devices, Daily Living Activities and Developmental Levels of Students with Physical Disabilities in Biology in Oyo State, Nigeria

Dorcas Omolara Oyawole1 (Ph.D), Olatunbosun Emmanuel Ogunseemi2 (Ph.D), Lawal Babatunde Yusuf3 & Kareem Saliu Adeyemi4


This study was designed to investigate the Assistive Technology Device, Daily Living Activities and Developmental Level of the Student with Physically Impaired Student in biology class in selected special school in Oyo state. This study made use of structured questionnaire in gathering the opinion of the participants in the sampled schools. Total numbers of 30 students were selected from three different schools in this study; the instrument used for data collection was questionnaire which was administered personally by the researchers. The method used for data analysis is Chi Square to examine the findings. It was recommended that, government should provide adequate funding to improve availability and affordability of assistive technology for children with disabilities, curriculum developers should enable students with disabilities access to all conventional policies, systems and services (for example, health facilities, schools, transportation and playgrounds) through assistive technology and accessibility measures as required, Government and Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) should include access to assistive technology in the education policy and programmers among others.


Effect of Bhramari Pranayama on Occupational Stress and Sleep Quality of Corporate Workers - A Pilot Study

Ms. Parichiti Saha & Ms. Disha Rakshit


Background: Occupational stress is the work-related stress caused due to excessive physical and psychological strain in workplaces resulting from increased demand and workload on the employees that cause deterioration of physical health as well as cognitive faculties leading to psychosomatic disorders, anxiety, depression, frustration and poor sleep quality. Through recent studies, it has been found that several yogic techniques such as Asanas, pranayamas, chantings and meditations have been beneficial in reducing the stress mechanism caused due to Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis activation and inducing good sleep by restoring the natural circadian rhythm.Objective: To investigate the effect of Bhramari pranayama on occupational stress and sleep quality based on Workplace Stress Scale, Perceived Stress Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Methodology: Eleven participants working in corporate sectors were recruited for the study using a convenience sampling technique. The research design was single group pre and post-study. Their age ranged between 20 to 40 years, belonging to both male and female genders. At the baseline, data was collected, followed by the post data after 15 days of practice of Bhramari pranayama for 30 minutes daily, using the Workplace stress scale and Perceived stress scale to measure Occupational stress and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index for assessing the sleep quality.    Results: This study shows that after 15 days of practice of Bhramari pranayama, there was a reduction in stress level observed based on the Workplace stress scale (with a p-value of 0.004) and Perceived stress scale (p-value = 0.002). A significant improvement is observed in the sleep quality noted with a p-value less than 0.001. Conclusion: The present study has shown that Bhramari pranayama was found to be effective in reducing the Occupational stress of Corporate workers with an improvement in their sleep quality index after practising for 15 days. Moreover, further research on clinical implications is suggested based on these preliminary results.


Evaluating the Soundness of Commercial Banks in Ethiopia: Rating and Ranking the Performance by Using CAMEL Framework

Parneet Kaur & Kebrysfaw Getahun


This research tries to critically evaluate the soundness of Ethiopian commercial banks by using CAMEL framework, the most compressive method suggested by bank supervisory institutions. Audited Financial report from 2012-2023 and Guidelines from the central bank of Ethiopia and the Basel committee were used to determine and rate banks based on the five important parameters of the framework. Accordingly,17 commercial banks which are established before 2013 were rated and compared by using each parameter separately and by applying composite rating. The industry average rating of 1 in capital adequacy ratio shows that Ethiopian commercial banks are sound in having strong capital foundation which can enables them to withstand any shocks and fluctuations in the economy. The result also reveals that they possess quality asset which is an indication of strong loan administration practice. The industry average of 3 in management efficiency, earning quality and liquidity performance of the banks is an indication of the need for improvement and moderate supervisory intervention in these parameters.  Apart form 7 banks, the average composite rating of the remaining banks shows satisfactory level of performances during these sample periods.   


Emerging Need to Study Acoustic and Biomarkers (EEG) in Predicting Substance Use Relapse: A Brief Report

Nandita Chaube* & Azizuddin Khan**


The current study aims to highlight specific voice parameters which could be seen more prominently in the cases of substance use relapse as compared to the non-relapse cases. The current study tries to present the possibilities of relapse in the cases of substance use based on voice samples. As literature suggests a strong correlation of neural markers in substance use, current study also considers EEG excerpt as a biomarker to postulate, strengthened and substantiate findings. The major aim of the study is to explore accuracy of Layered Voice Analysis (LVA) as an objective tool in predicting its clinical utility.


A Cross Cultural Exploration of Marriage, Dowry/Lobola and Related Societal Attitudes

Nandita Chaube* & Ntombizodwa Octavia MbaliNtuli**


This study delves into the meaning of marriage within the Indian and South African context, examining the cultural, legal, and social dimensions. It aims to elucidate the intricacies of dowry practices in India, despite the controversies and tragedies associated with it. Additionally, the research explore the concept of lobola, prevalent in Southern Africa, which refers to the bride’s price and it’s significance in marriage customs as well as societal attitude towards dowry.


Revolutionizing Optometric Care: The Paradigm Shift towards Telemedicine in Ocular Health Management

Steffy Johnson Moptom


Rapid technological advancements in digital imaging, telecommunications, and data analytics have fueled advances in teleoptometry. Thanks to these developments, teleoptometry platforms can do remote eye exams, diagnose eye diseases, renew prescriptions, and even provide vision therapy sessions in an efficient and effective manner. Furthermore, automated screening for a variety of eye disorders has been made possible by the fusion of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning algorithms, which has improved diagnostic accuracy.Teleoptometry has potential advantages, but there are a number of issues that need to be resolved before it can be widely used and accepted. A major worry is the absence of legal frameworks controlling teleoptometry procedures, which creates ambiguity about liability, licensing, and payment matters. Furthermore, patient confidentiality and adherence to healthcare laws depend on the privacy and security of patient data on teleoptometry platforms. In addition, inequalities in digital literacy and technology access may prevent some groups from fully utilizing teleoptometry services, especially the elderly or those from low-income backgrounds.In conclusion, by removing barriers related to geography, increasing accessibility, and improving patient outcomes, teleoptometry has the potential to completely transform the way that eye care services are delivered. However, in order to fully realize the promise of teleoptometry and guarantee its inclusion into mainstream eye care practice, it is imperative to address technological, ethical, and legal hurdles. Policymakers, medical professionals, IT companies, and patient advocacy organizations must work together to overcome these obstacles and capitalize on teleoptometry's revolutionary potential to improve eye health globally. This provides an overview of teleoptometry, highlighting its advancements, applications, and challenges in delivering remote eye care services.



Emerging Role of E-leadership: A PLS-SEM Analysis

Sanchari Sinha


Purpose: Globalization, Industry 4.0 and COVID 19 pandemic has led to a change in the business environment thereby inculcating a shift towards smart or remote mode of working. The application of technology has led to the concept of E-leadership. The purpose of this paper is to study the factors influencing the role of E-leaders and their impact on organization performance. The findings provide organizations to be future ready with technological advancement and help gain competitive market advantage.Design/methodology/approach: Quantitative approach was used in this study. Data was gathered by a survey instrument and Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) technique was used to investigate the model which was applied to 482 responses. The model explained 41.4 percent variation of major constructs in relation to organization performance with the implementation of E-leadership.  Findings: Organization culture is the most influential factor followed by Collaboration and Digitalization towards the role of E-leaders. Mutual respect received the highest loadings among organization culture, common goals align with employee expectations among collaboration, facilitate processes that encourage employees to transition to technology roles among digitalization and develop a clear action plan for change initiatives among the E-leadership construct. The results reflect the role of E-leadership on organization performance. Research limitations/ implications: The model proposed in this study is not confined geographically and thus could be explored in different demographic settings. Practical implications: The study will guide organizations to identify the factors that strongly influence the role of E-leaders and as a consequence provide deep insights while formulating their strategy pertaining to the implementation of E-leadership. 

Impact of Green Banking Strategy on Paper Based Instruments in Banking

1Ms. Smitha S & 2Dr. Ramesh Chandrahasa


Green Banking is the need of hour and its importance lies from the fact that the world is moving towards digitalization. Asdigitalization is taking its pace, paper based instruments are being used very less. Due to less use of paper based instruments in banking sector, banks have initiated using Green Banking Strategy. One of the green banking strategies is utility of electronic mode of doing transactions. This will help in making the banking transactions at ease. Utility of electronic mode in banking will help in reducing the burden of manufacturing paper to a greater extent. This extent would help in reducing the deforestation and would boost the strategy of green banking. Green banking would help in recovering the environmental problems to an extent. In this regard, utility of electronic transactions would help in strategizing the Green Banking. After the initiation of Green Banking strategy whether the impact has been created or not has to be checked. This paper deals with study on what was the impact of green banking strategy on paper based instruments where green banking strategy means less utility of paper based instruments and more utility of electronic mode of banking operations.


Screening for Amblyopia in Children Attending the Tertiary Care Hospital in Uttarakhand

Dr. Vatsala Vats, Dr. Divija Arora, Dr. Parijat Bhramaresh Sharma


Topic - Screening for amblyopia in children attending the tertiary care hospital in Uttarakhand, Background: Amblyopia needs timely intervention to preserve, and improve the presenting vision. The present study seeks to determine the prevalence of amblyopia and its distribution among children visiting a tertiary care hospital in Uttarakhand. Material and Method: The study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital on children below twenty years of age. All children visiting the eye department were assessed for vision, and those found with difference of two or more lines between two eyes, or with vision less than 6/9 in either eye was screened out.  These children were further evaluated to rule out any organic or pathological causes for decreased vision. Subjects with amblyopia were then classified into different categories as per their ocular parameters. Results: Out of 4280 cases screened, there were 138 cases of amblyopia. Females had more Amblyopia than male and the difference was statistically insignificant. The relation between Anisometropic, High Ametropic, Meridional Amblyopia were found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: This study is useful in comprehending the current visual status of children. It would also help in improvising screening programs and promote awareness.


Bio-Based Synthesis of Salvadora Persica Stem Extracts Silver Nanoparticles and Investigation of in Vitro Antibacterial Activity

Deepak Sharma1, Mandheer Kaur 1*,Renuka Sharma, Harjodh Singh1, Chaitnyajit Singh1 , Palki Sahib Kaur1


This study presents a novel and green approach for the synthesis and stabilisation of silver nanoparticles (M_AgNPs) using a water-based stem extract of Salvadora persica. As evidenced by the development of a brownish-yellow colour, the biosynthesis of green synthesised M_AgNPs was further investigated using UV-Visible spectroscopy and ATR analysis (attenuated total reflectance). M_AgNPs were discovered to be spherical and 52 ±2 nm in size after SEM and DLS investigation. Zeta potential of -31mV supported M_AgNPs' stability. Additionally, they showed inhibitory zones against S. aureus and E. coli of 12.5 mm and 13.5 mm, respectively. Additionally, it was found that the MIC of M_AgNPs for S. aureus (MTCC 25923) and E. coli (MTCC 25922) were 6.0 g/ml and 6.7 g/ml, respectively. This indicates that the plant mediated M_AgNPs depict positive response for antibacterial activity. Therefore, these may be developed as novel medicines for the treatment of bacterial infections, particularly those that are multi-drug resistant.


Online Teaching and Effective Practices in Digital Era in India: A Comprehensive Analysis

Dr. Delliswararao Konduru


The Greek philosopher Plato said that, “Education helps in the comprehensive development of every individual. It gives knowledge to take the decisions for the fulfilment of their responsibilities”. Education is helps to acquire the knowledge and helps to cultural transmission, it is essential for human’s inclusive and sustainable development.  The United Nations Organisation’s-(UNOs) Sustainable Development Goal-(SDGs) number four; is explaining that, the "quality education" is necessary to every individual on earth. But; due to the various factors, it is not reached to the all the people across the world. The emergence of online teaching has revolutionized education worldwide, including India. With the rapid advancement of technology and increased internet accessibility, online teaching has become an integral part of the Indian education system. The online education and teaching is bridging the geographical and economical barriers, in developing countries like India. Here some of the challenges are escalated with the online teaching and education, like mental stress and technological glitches. However, the present study is used a Secondary Data Resources, and it is analysis as a Methodology, the data was collected from the different sources, including government, non-governmental reports and scholarly articles. Primary Objective of the paper is, to understanding the online education and it is theoretical concepts. Second aim of the present paper is, to talk about the weakness and strategies of the online education in India. Final objective of the study is, to talk about the effective measures for better online education in India.


An Empirical Study on the Function of Leadership in Fostering Organizational Sustainability

Anwesha Mukherjee


Every organization needs effective leadership in order to survive in the global marketplace.  The speed at which change is occurring in our lives today highlights the significance of developing new leadership abilities that combine pragmatism and a broad perspective. In order to address these changes in the labor market, employment relations, and society at large, sustainable HRM has been implemented recently. Viewed as a continuation of strategic HRM, sustainable HRM offers a fresh perspective on people management with an emphasis on long-term resource development, renewal, and rejuvenation. Viewed as a continuation of strategic HRM, sustainable HRM offers a fresh perspective on people management with an emphasis on long-term resource development, renewal, and rejuvenation. In contrast to mainstream HRM, the characteristics of sustainable HRM are less evident. In contrast to mainstream HRM, the characteristics of sustainable HRM are less evident.  There is a greater motivation for firms to report on their sustainability actions in response to the growing public awareness of the significance of organizational contributions to sustainable development. Alongside this, there have also been the emergence of "sustainable HRM," which incorporates a growing corpus of scholarly and practitioner work linking HRM and corporate sustainability A new era in the history of leadership—known as "sustainable leadership"—is brought about by this entirely new idea of leadership. Every organization is gradually being forced to adopt sustainable practices, which pushes managers to broaden their perspectives and develop into sustainable leaders. A new and expanded understanding of the role of leaders in addressing sustainable challenges through the creation of an inclusive, collaborative, and reflective leadership process that leads to sustainable competitiveness is made possible in large part by sustainability education. In addition to concentrating on their bottom line, today's businesses also retain a sustainable competitive advantage by managing their internal resources in addition to external economic, environmental, and social variables. It is seen as an all-encompassing collection of guidelines and initiatives that are incorporated into supply chains, business operations, and decision-making procedures across the board to give the organization a long-term, competitive advantage. In order to understand the concept of sustainable competitive advantage, this paper focuses on the empirical explanations found in the literature on leadership. Specifically, it discusses how leadership practices can effectively create a sustainable culture within an organization and how this can lead to change within and around Indian IT organizations based in Kolkata.


"Mystery of Premature Greying of Hairs: A Comprehensive Systematic Review of Ayurvedic Perspective''

Dr. Sameer Joshi


Background: Premature greying of hair is a phenomenon more and more found amongst more youthful people, posing now not simplest beauty concerns but also ability implications for typical fitness and properly-being. The present day way of life, characterized via pressure, bad dietary behavior, and environmental factors, is assumed to contribute significantly to this fashion. Understanding the etiology and figuring out preventive techniques for premature greying is important in addressing this rising difficulty. Ayurveda, the historic Indian machine of medication, gives a holistic attitude on health and sickness, supplying precious insights into the underlying causes of premature greying and capacity interventions. Objective: This systematic review targets to discover Ayurvedic views on premature greying of hair, investigating the causative factors and preventive measures endorsed by this traditional system of drugs.  Methods: A systematic search of classical Ayurvedic texts, which includes Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, and present day research literature, became performed. The seek method centered on figuring out studies that elucidated the connection between way of life elements, dietary habits, intellectual nicely-being, and environmental affects, and untimely greying of hair. Key Findings: Ayurveda attributes premature greying of hair to disturbances in lifestyle practices, intellectual strain, and imbalances within the Doshas (organic humors). According to Ayurvedic standards, preventive measures for untimely greying consist of nutritional adjustments, stress management strategies, and using natural remedies to balance the Doshas and promote usual health. Implications: Integrating Ayurvedic ideas into contemporary healthcare practices may additionally provide holistic methods to mitigate untimely greying of hair and sell overall well-being. By addressing the root causes of untimely greying and adopting preventive measures recommended by Ayurveda, people can probably delay the onset of untimely greying and preserve healthy hair and energy.


Effect of Microfinance Banks on Small Businesses Growth in Nigeria

1Yusuf Wasiu A.,E. O. 1Oyegoke, B. A.2Adewumi, T. 1Moronfolu, T. D. 1Adisa & A. D. 1Nuhu


Small businesses in Nigeria confront a significant challenge in accessing necessary funds, hindering their potential for growth and development. Recognizing this hurdle, the financing of small businesses by Microfinance Banks has emerged as a pivotal component of the government's economic policies. These institutions focus on deposit mobilization within their areas of operation, extending microcredits or overdrafts to customers who lack access to conventional banking services.Small Business Growth is the dependent variable, while microfinance deposits, microfinance institution size, and microfinance loans constitute the independent variables. Utilizing monthly secondary time series data from the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Statistical Bulletin spanning from 2006 - 2021, the study employed the Autoregressive Distributed Lags (ARDL) Technique. The Unit Root test indicated the suitability of employing the ARDL estimation technique given the stationarity nature of the variables.Findings revealed a significant but negative impact of microfinance banks on the short-term expansion of small businesses, yet a positive and noticeable effect over the long term. Furthermore, the study indicated that the size of microfinance institutions holds minimal influence on the long-term success of small businesses. Interestingly, microfinance loans exhibited a negative and significant effect on short-term growth but demonstrated a positive and significant impact in the long term.Based on the outcomes, policymakers and microfinance institutions should focus on effective deposit mobilization and establish sustainable long-term financing models for small businesses. Prioritizing microfinance service quality over institution size is advised. Government policies should encourage high-quality financial services, emphasizing timely and affordable credit, savings, insurance, and other relevant products. Finally, fostering responsible lending practices is crucial, requiring robust screening, monitoring mechanisms, suitable interest rates, repayment terms, and financial education for borrowers to ensure effective utilization of loans without burdening small businesses.


Impact of Official Development Assistance on the Quality of Economic Sectors in Nigeria

*1Oladipo, Olajide. S., Ukeje Marie C., Yusuf Wasiu. A.


Official statistics reveals that large swings have remained a consistent trend in official development Assistance in Nigeria but its influence on economic development is yet to be fully investigated. The study adopted an ex post facto research design, with the data covering all the sectors of the economy and spanning 2000-2020; a period of 21 years. A dynamic Panel ARDL estimation technique is preferred for the analysis given by Pesaran and Shin (2003). The Hausman test indicated preference to Pool Mean Group (PMG) estimator to determine possible homogenous effect. The findings revealed that development assistance improves the overall economic growth by 0.014 percent and 0.076 percent in the long-run and short-run respectively. However, in the health sector, there is an indication of 0.276 percent increase in economic growth as result of official development assistance while the educational sector experienced 0.71percent all things being equal. It is therefore recommended that the health and educational ministries should be transparent enough to boost confidence of donors.


Selfsustained Treadmill

Pushpa Gothwal1*, Ajay Kumar2


This paper discussed the concept of self-sustained treadmill using physical activity of humans. During the step-by-step walking on treadmill calories burned and using this concept can power up the treadmill.  It also incorporated the power optimization using installation of PZT tiles on treadmill and prototype model also incorporated in the study. The deployment of PZT-based tiles is crucial, coupled with the use of available renewable energy sources. According to this viewpoint, the purpose of this study is to determine the power optimization (PO) using tile deployment in treadmills. This power can be utilized to power up the treadmill and other equipment of the gym.  In accordance with the frequency of movement among the various places of gym and equipment more energy can be generated to power up the gym equipment. In the study Linear regression (LR) machine learning techniques employed for power optimization of treadmill. These techniques are used to optimize tile power in relation to sensor quantity and subject weight. The data was acquired using the gym. Two alternative statistical criteria (MSE and accuracy) are discussed in the paper to assess the efficacy of these algorithms. Model accuracy was expected to range from 0.93 to 0.9946 by the MSE of models. In conclusion, the present paper is reporting that the LR algorithm can be used for the tile deployment on a suitable place of gym. The tile deployment was also anticipated by the LR algorithm, and as a result, the tile could be placed on the treadmill because the frequency of movement is more as compared to other places.


Appraisal for Permutation of Bonwill-Hawley Arch Form for the Current Trends

Dr. Priti Shukla, Dr. Gyan P. Singh, Dr. Naveen M


In the mid-1960s, Dr. George Newman introduced the bonding of orthodontic brackets to enamel. Either in banding or bonding, the arch wire is configured to a specific arch form.Aim: The study was conducted to evaluate differences (if any) between the Bonwill-Hawley arch form for banding and bonding. Methodology: The difference between the two arch lengths was calculated to observe any changes from the ideal Bonwill-Hawley arch form for banding. Results: A difference of one millimetre was obtained between the two arch lengths. Conclusion: The Bonwill-Hawley arch form for bonding should have an addition of one millimetre to the total mesiodistal width of the four incisors and two-thirds of the mesiodistal width of the canine rather than the extra 3mm as proposed during banding of teeth.


Empirical Investigation into the Value Relevance of Financial Statements: A Study on Selected S&P BSE Energy Listed Companies

Rahul Pal1 & Anshika Mishra2


When it comes for accounting information to be helpful in decision-making, it is critical that it be relevant to the process and have a significant link with stock prices or returns. The present study examines the path of the accounting information derived by companies included in the S&P BSE Energy Index sample between FY-2017 and FY-2021 in terms of its aggregate, single, and incremental value relevance. According to the findings, accounting information can be valuable for firms listed on the BSE. The overall value and significance of accounting information as measured by book value per share and earnings per share The study's results indicated that in the S&P BSE Energy Index sample, earnings per share and book value per share independently had a significant impact on stock prices; the value relevance of accounting information significantly affects share prices, specifically the market price; and there exists a strong correlation between the value relevance of accounting information and book value. However, the significance of EPS and BVPS in terms of aggregate value has decreased significantly.


Advances in Skin Lesion Classification and Nodule Detection: A Review of Deep Learning and Machine Learning Models

*Mrs. Azmath Mubeen1, Prof.Uma N.Dulhare2


Recent advancements in computer vision, machine learning, and deep learning have stimulated anintensifiedconcern for developing effective approaches for the early detection and treatment of dermatological illnesses involving skin lesions. This review paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art techniques for detecting, segmenting, and classifying skin lesions, which are crucial for timely intervention and improved patient outcomes. By examining into the challenges associated with physical inspection, the review underscores the importance of leveraging automated methods for skin lesion analysis in healthcare settings.The primary objective of this review is to accurately identify and classify various types of skin lesions, utilizing a range of image formats such as dermoscopic and macroscopic images. By critically examining recent research articles focused on skin lesion classification, the survey puts light on the several methods employed in various publications, with a particular importance on the role of deep learning techniques. Deep learning, a subset of machine learning, has emerged as a powerful tool in this domain due to its proficiency to automatically learn hierarchical representations from data, leading to improved implementation in complicated tasks such as image classification.This survey highlights the benefits and drawbacks of different machine learning and deep learning approaches for skin lesion classification. By integrating and assessing the latest research findings, it aims to provide visions into the current state of the subject and identify areas for further improvement. The integration of machine learning and deep learning techniques in dermatology holds immense capability for enhancing diagnostic accuracy, facilitating early detection, and ultimately improving patient care. Therefore, this survey acts as a valuable resource for researchers, clinicians, and healthcare professionals seeking to use cutting-edge technologies for skin lesion analysis and diagnosis.


Optometry and Eye Protection: A Review of Current Practices and Recommendations for Enhanced Safety Measures

Steffy Johnson Moptom


Across all industries, ensuring occupational safety is a top issue. This thorough analysis looks at how safety procedures are currently implemented in a variety of professions and makes suggestions for improving security protocols to shield employees from possible risks. The first part of the study summarizes the body of research on occupational safety, including studies that look into the frequency of occupational illnesses, injuries, and fatalities in a variety of industries. In addition to physical, chemical, biological, and ergonomic risks, it lists common risk factors and hazards that are present in various vocations. The study assesses how well current safety measures mitigate workplace risks by using insights from occupational health and safety rules and standards. It evaluates how engineering controls, administrative controls, training programs, and personal protective equipment (PPE) are used in various professional situations.The study also examines organizational and interpersonal factors that may affect safety performance, as well as difficulties in adhering to and enforcing safety standards. It emphasizes how crucial it is to develop a culture of safety and take preventative action in order to advance the health and wellbeing of employees.The evaluation offers a set of recommendations for improving safety measures in all occupations, based on an amalgamation of evidence-based treatments and best practices. These suggestions cover methods to strengthen risk assessment and hazard identification, to improve safety program design and implementation, and to promote cooperation between workers, employers, and government agencies.In its conclusion, this research emphasizes how important it is to place a high priority on workplace safety as a pillar of ethical and sustainable business operations. Organizations may improve productivity, morale, and general well-being by establishing strong safety measures and taking a proactive approach to risk management. This will make work environments safer and healthier for all employees.


Effect of Hand-Held Percussion Massage vs Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization on Hamstring Muscle Flexibility in Young Adults -Randomised Clinical Trial

Dr. Anil Muragod, Ms. Javiriya Mainuddin


Background: Flexibility is regarded as a necessary component of normal biomechanical function. Tight hamstrings put an individual into risk of recurrent injury. The prevalence of hamstring tightness is very high in college going students among the age group of 18-25years. Hamstring tightness is not only a cause of limited range of motion, but it can also lead to a variety of other musculoskeletal issues. One of the most common complaints associated with hamstring tightness is hamstring strain. Objectives: To compare the effect of hand-held percussive massage versus instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization(IASTM) on hamstring muscle flexibility in young adults. Methods and Materials: The study was conducted on 100 subjects aged between 19-29 years of all genders, in which the subjects were divided in two groups namely, group-A and group-B which received treatment with hand-held percussive massage and IASTM respectively. The outcome measures i.e., Sit and reach test, active knee extension test and passive knee extension test were performed prior and post 1st session and post 6 sessions of intervention. Results: This study resulted that both the groups showed improvement, but active knee extension was found to be significant in parameters of outcome measures in accordance with the group-B who received treatment with IASTM compared to another group. Conclusion: The present study concludes that the interventions given to group A and B using hand-held percussive massage and IASTM respectively, both were found equally effective. Whereas, group-B was more effective than group-A in term of active knee extension test and passive knee extension test.