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Papers are invite for publication in Volume 14 Number 02 (June 2024)

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Current Issue

Effect Of Topical Application Of Anesthetic Agent On Pain Perception Among Patients And Degree Of Difficulty Among Healthcare Providers During Intravenous Cannulation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Ms. Jingam Karlo, Dr. M.J. Kumari, Ms. H.T. Lalthanthuami


Problem: Intravenous cannulation is one of the key procedures that is performed for patients; however, it causes pain and discomfort. Studies have shown feasibility and efficiency of various anesthetic and analgesic agents to reduce pain but it is still not implemented in daily practice. The current study aims to assess the effect of topical application of an anesthetic agent on the pain perception of patients and degree of difficulty for healthcare professionals. Approach: 120 patients who require intravenous cannulation at an emergency department of a tertiary care center were enrolled usinga consecutive sampling technique for therandomized controlled trial. The intervention group received an application of 2% lignocaine gelfive minutes before the procedure, while,control group received a placebo (ECG gel). After the procedure, the pain score from patients anddegree of difficulty score from the health care professionals were assessed. Inferential analyses were done using Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Kruskal Wallis test. Findings: There was a significant difference in pain perception between both groups. Participants in the intervention group mostly experienced mild pain or no pain (56.7% and 20% respectively), however, participants in control group mostly experienced moderate pain (56.7%) and severe pain (28.3%). However, there is no significant difference in the degree of difficulty experienced by healthcare professionals for both groups., Conclusion:The use of a topical anesthetic agent like 2% lignocaine gel before intravenous cannulation is recommended to reduce additional pain experienced by patients during the course of their treatment

Yoga on Parenting Stress in Mothers of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Practice Fields of the Training of Relaxation of Yoga: A Systematic Review

Dr.Ritu Parna Mohanty (PT)1, Dr.Priyadarshini Mishra (PT)2


A static, non-progressive lesion in the brain is the underlying cause of cerebral palsy, a pediatric neurological disorder affecting children. Children with this disease will continue to experience its effects throughout their lives.  A multi-centric team strategy is necessary. The majority of cases of causal events happen during the first two years of a child's life. Due to weak muscles, poor coordination, and overly tense muscles, a kid with CP struggles to carry out their daily activities. The most common cause of cerebral palsy in children is stress, which has negative effects on their environment, development, growth, and the people around them. The purpose of this research is to provide some preliminary evidence that yoga, particularly the relaxation techniques used in yoga, can help alleviate some of the tension that parents of children with cerebral palsy experience.


The Need for Legislation on Live-in Relationships in the Present Scenario in India

Sandeep Kumar Sharma1 & Dr. Narendra Bahadur Singh2


Live-in relationships have become increasingly prevalent in India, challenging traditional notions of marriage and family. However, the absence of specific legislation addressing the rights and protections of individuals in such relationships has led to legal uncertainties and vulnerabilities. This research paper examines the pressing need for legislation on live-in relationships in the present scenario in India. It explores the evolving social dynamics, legal lacunae, and practical considerations necessitating legislative intervention to ensure fairness, equality, and justice for individuals in live-in relationships.


Assistive Technology Devices, Daily Living Activities and Developmental Levels of Students with Physical Disabilities in Biology in Oyo State, Nigeria

Dorcas Omolara Oyawole1 (Ph.D), Olatunbosun Emmanuel Ogunseemi2 (Ph.D), Lawal Babatunde Yusuf3 & Kareem Saliu Adeyemi4


This study was designed to investigate the Assistive Technology Device, Daily Living Activities and Developmental Level of the Student with Physically Impaired Student in biology class in selected special school in Oyo state. This study made use of structured questionnaire in gathering the opinion of the participants in the sampled schools. Total numbers of 30 students were selected from three different schools in this study; the instrument used for data collection was questionnaire which was administered personally by the researchers. The method used for data analysis is Chi Square to examine the findings. It was recommended that, government should provide adequate funding to improve availability and affordability of assistive technology for children with disabilities, curriculum developers should enable students with disabilities access to all conventional policies, systems and services (for example, health facilities, schools, transportation and playgrounds) through assistive technology and accessibility measures as required, Government and Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) should include access to assistive technology in the education policy and programmers among others.


Effect of Bhramari Pranayama on Occupational Stress and Sleep Quality of Corporate Workers - A Pilot Study

Ms. Parichiti Saha & Ms. Disha Rakshit


Background: Occupational stress is the work-related stress caused due to excessive physical and psychological strain in workplaces resulting from increased demand and workload on the employees that cause deterioration of physical health as well as cognitive faculties leading to psychosomatic disorders, anxiety, depression, frustration and poor sleep quality. Through recent studies, it has been found that several yogic techniques such as Asanas, pranayamas, chantings and meditations have been beneficial in reducing the stress mechanism caused due to Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis activation and inducing good sleep by restoring the natural circadian rhythm.Objective: To investigate the effect of Bhramari pranayama on occupational stress and sleep quality based on Workplace Stress Scale, Perceived Stress Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Methodology: Eleven participants working in corporate sectors were recruited for the study using a convenience sampling technique. The research design was single group pre and post-study. Their age ranged between 20 to 40 years, belonging to both male and female genders. At the baseline, data was collected, followed by the post data after 15 days of practice of Bhramari pranayama for 30 minutes daily, using the Workplace stress scale and Perceived stress scale to measure Occupational stress and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index for assessing the sleep quality.    Results: This study shows that after 15 days of practice of Bhramari pranayama, there was a reduction in stress level observed based on the Workplace stress scale (with a p-value of 0.004) and Perceived stress scale (p-value = 0.002). A significant improvement is observed in the sleep quality noted with a p-value less than 0.001. Conclusion: The present study has shown that Bhramari pranayama was found to be effective in reducing the Occupational stress of Corporate workers with an improvement in their sleep quality index after practising for 15 days. Moreover, further research on clinical implications is suggested based on these preliminary results.


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