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Papers are invite for publication in Volume 14 Number 02 (June 2024)

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Migration and Education: A Comparative Study of the Rural and Urban Migrant Students from Nongpoh town of Ri-Bhoi District of Meghalaya.

Dr Sandeep Gupta & Miss Phiralin Amy Marsing.


When we are looking at the unbalanced distribution of resources that motivate migration, education is one the popular reasons after employment these days particularly in the rural to urban migration. Migration and education are decisions that are indeed intertwined in many dimensions. Education and skill acquisition play an important role at many stages of an individual migration. The present study is conducted in Nongpoh area at Ri Bhoi District of Meghalaya where an attempt is made to compare the status of education of the migrant’s population who came and resides in this particular area with the natives. For the study two schools are selected via… Alpha English Higher Secondary School (AEHSS) and Ri Bhoi Presbyterian Higher Secondary School (RBPHHS), as it has a high number of migrants concentrate in this institutes. The study focuses on the source, consequence and pattern of migration and its impact on the educational performance of the students, together with the level of participation of the students in academics and extra curriculum activities.

The study reveals that socialization plays a pertinent role in the development of child’s personality which determines the performance of the students. The study establishes how the rural migrant students faced multiple problems in adapting with the changed academic environment at Nongpoh where they not only find it difficult to understand the lectures of the faculties and other academic expectation from them but they also could not mingle with urban students. Consequently they are reduced to secluded individuals filled with inferiority complex which act as a detrimental factor in the development of the personality and the academic performance of these students.


ICT motivation and effects on secondary school students: a study

Sanat Kumar Mallick , Kamal Krishna De, Rajib Mukhopadhyay


The use of information and communication technology (ICT) in education has changed the habit of learning among the students. The students are gradually getting motivated by using ICT. This motivational learning with ICT is the focal area of the present investigation. The study aims at assessing the effect of motivation in the use of ICT on the secondary students Sex and Habitat-wise. The authors prepared a test on ICT motivation selecting 4(four) dimensions from those suggested by Don Passey and Colin Rogers (2004) and standardized the test. Internal consistency of test was found by Cronbach’s Alpha. Subsequently the test was administered on 700 ninth grade students of both sexes drawn from different habitats of WB. Analysis with ANOVA conclusively showed that students do not significantly differ sex and habitat-wise on motivation in ICT use.


The Importance of Effective Communications in End-of-Life Care and Breaking the Bad News: A Focus on Purpose and Strategies.

Suantak Demkhosei Vaiphei Prof. Dr. Devendra Singh


Of the various skills needed in end-of-life care, none is more important than the ability to communicate effectively. The time with terminal illness or the dying process is a time when the patients were overwhelm with several emotional feelings. This should be the time when care providers need to listen to the wishes of the dying patient’s by communicating with them in the most appropriate ways. In the end-of life care, effective communication is the fundamental component to the physician and patient relationships. However, due to the lack or absence of good communications in Indian end-of-life care setting, many patients receive unwanted life-sustaining treatments along with inappropriate care which they may not prefer, if they were asked about their preference of care in the dying process. Good communication enables patients and families to make quality decision about healthcare, to prepare for the future, and to express and meet their preferences for end-of-life care. especially, when it comes for breaking the bad news to the patient and family good communication plays an important role in the face of many barriers. This present studies is mainly base on the available literatures and documents and the study is being carried out in the form of literature review, with the aim to improve the quality of life through good communication. It contain some guiding principles for physicians and other care providers on who to communicate effectively and break the bad news without hurting the emotions or feelings of the patients and families.


Effect of yoga exercises on Irisin hormone in obese people

Mr. Bitam Sadokpam & Dr. T.K. Bera


Research reviews revealed that irisin hormone was discovered in 2012, when researchers at Harvard Medical School found that both mice and human could produce the hormone during exercise. Further studies revealed that, in mice, irisin improved blood-sugar regulation and led to weight loss, causing some people to speculate that a drug based on the hormone could be used as a treatment in obesity. This study was, therefore, undertaken to find out the impact of the training of yogic exercises on irisin hormone in obese people. Thirty obese female (n=60), age: 40-50 yrs., from different nearby housing societies in Pune (India), were randomly divided in to two groups viz., 30 experimental and 30 control. The obese subjects were selected on the basis of their BMI (Body Mass Index). Blood sample of these 60 subjects were collected during pre-test, post-test and follow up test to assess the level of irisin hormone by employing Elisa Reader instrument. Yogic exercise training was imparted to the experimental group for a period of 6 months, whereas the controlled subjects did not participate in the said programme. The result of post t-test revealed that the yogic exercise training was significantly effective in increasing the level of irisin hormone (t=3.69, p<0.05) than the control group. This result, in turn, suggests that yogic exercise programme increases irisin hormone that might have helped for weight loss among the female obese.


A comparison study mental toughness and self Confidence between bachelors of Physical education & sports and Bachelor of Arts students

Dr. Nimeshkumar Dhansukhbhai Chaudhari


The present study aimed to compare the Mental Toughness and Self- confidence abilities between Bachelor of Physical Education & Sports and Bachelor of Arts Students. A total of eighty (N = 80) male subjects participated; forty (N = 40) Bachelor of Physical Education & Sports and forty (N = 40) Bachelor of Arts Students from Gujarat Vidyapith, Ahmedabad, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science & Faculty of Social and Allied Science, AT. Sadra, Ta. Dist. Gandhinagar. (Gujarat), were randomly selected for the collection of data. The age of the subjects ranged between 19 to 21 years. Mental Toughness was measured by applying Mental Toughness questionnaire prepared by Dr, Alan Golberg and Self- confidence was measured by applying Self- confidence questionnaire developed by:- Prof. Vealey. The "t" test was applied to find out the difference between mean scores of Bachelor of Physical Education & Sports and Bachelor of Arts Students. The level of significance was set at 0.05. The results revealed significant difference with regard to variable Mental Toughness between Bachelor of Physical Education & Sports and Bachelor of Arts Students. However, the results with regard to the variable Self- confidence were found significant difference between Individual Bachelor of Physical Education & Sports and Bachelor of Arts Students. Bachelor of Arts Students have better Mental Toughness and Self- confidence level as compared to their counterpart Bachelor of Physical Education & Sports Students.


A conceptual study on demonetization: an analysis of impact of demonetization on rural India

Pooja Bhagwan


Demonetization technically is a liquidity shock; a sudden stop in terms of currency Demonetization effects clearly depends upon the duration of the liquidity shocks. It is generations’ memorable experience and is going to be one of the economic events of our time. Its impact is felt by every Indian citizen. In the long term, the economy will benefit from the reduction of the black money, which will lead to higher tax collection, better business environment, less corruption & transparency. It will improve the situation of Fiscal Deficit of the Country and hence reduce the fiscal deficit. Interest rates will decline further because of decrease on Inflation as banks are flushed .One of the reasons that prompted the Government to demonetize Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes is that their circulation was not in line with the Economic Growth. As per the Finance Ministry, during 2011-2016 periods, the circulation of all notes grew 40% but the circulation of Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes went up by 76% and 109% respectively. Relatively speaking, the economy has grown only by 30% which is way below the money circulation