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Papers are invite for publication in Volume 14 Number 02 (June 2024)

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Impact of socio-economic status on female education in Varanasi city (a case study)

Uzma Ashraf


Female education is essential to change the status of women in the society and also to empower them intellectually. Femaleeducation in India has been among the most significant concerns of both administrative and civil society as educatedxwomen can play a vital role in thesocioeconomic development of the community. This study aims to analyze the socioeconomic conditions of females and its impacts on their education in Varanasi City. The studyis based on primary survey. Data of PandareebaWardwas collected through a questionnaire by using random sample survey. Participation of women of different ages was considered in thesurvey. An analysis was made to find out the causes of low participation of females in education and access present educational condition of the females. The study concluded that females with educated parents, get higher education and suffer less from gender discrimination. A small percentage of females are affected by economic problems. More than half of the females are interested in higher education and support education.Themain barriers to female education are low income and unemployment. Also they are often subjected to violence leading to low attendance and high dropout rates.


Religious Orientation and Psychological Distress: A comparative study of male and female university students

Muzafar Hussain Kawa, Mohd Ilyas Khan, Mehrnaz Dehgan


The present study was an attempt to assess religious orientation and psychological distress as well as to find out relationship of religious orientation with psychological distress among university students. University students were also compared on religious orientation and psychological distress with respect to their gender.  The data for the present study was obtained from university students [N=200 (Males 110 & Females 90)] belonging to various departments of Aligarh Muslim University. The data collected was analyzed by using appropriate statistical techniques like Pearson’s product moment correlation and t-test. The results showed significant negative correlation between intrinsic religious orientation and psychological distress. Moreover, a significant positive correlation was found between extrinsic religious orientation and psychological distress. Significant difference was also found among university students on extrinsic religious orientation with respect to their gender. However, no significant difference was found among them on intrinsic religious orientation and psychological distress with respect to their gender.


Identification of Geological and Geomorphological Landforms in Rampur Baghelan Block Using Remote Sensing and GIS

Shweta Rai


In this Paper Abstract has been researched to study of Identification of Geological & Geomorphological landforms in Rampur Baghelan Block using Remote Sensing & GIS Techniques. Study area of Rampur Baghelan Block is about 874 study is carried out by using LISS III Satellite image and Toposheet 1:50000 Scale. From this, the thematic maps (Geomorphology, Geology, and Drainage) are created. The Geomorphological features like Gullied, Hill, Mesa, Pediment,   Pediplain,   Plateau Remnant, Quarry, Residual Capping. Similarly  the Geological features like Laterite, Limestone,Sandstone,Shale were analysied In the same way, the drainage pattern of Rampur Baghelan Block is create and  pattern was runoff of the entire block flows in northeast direction.


Education among Tea Garden Workers: A Study on the Availability and Accessibility in Udalguri District of Assam

Dr. Dipali Bosumatari and Dr. Phanindra Goyari


Tea industry is generally a labour intensive industry. It provides employment to about two million persons in the state of Assam alone. Out of which, majority of these workers are still illiterates and backwards. There are several factors behind such vast illiteracy and economic backwardness. While studies on different socio-economic aspects are plenty, very few studies on educational perspectives of tea plantation workers are found in the literature. Therefore, in this paper, an attempt has been made to examine the availability, accessibility and factors behind poor development of educational facilities among the tea plantation workers in Assam. The specific objectives of present paper are: (i) to evaluate the availability and accessibility of education among the workers in the sample tea gardens and (ii) to analyze the reasons behind the high wastage and stagnation and poor development of educational facilities among the sample workers. The entire analysis was based on primary survey data collected from four sample tea gardens of Udalguri district. Some of the important findings of the study are: (a) the state of education among the tea workers in the sample gardens is very poor both qualitatively and quantitatively. Still about 60 percent of sample population are illiterates. (b) Available schools are limited to the primary level only in the sample gardens, i.e., schools beyond primary level are not found in all the sample gardens. (c) The extent of wastage and stagnation among school children in sample gardens has been very high. (e) The parents’ education level and parents’ income level have been found to have direct and positive impact on their children’s education.

Social Stratification & Kashmiri Society

Irshad Ahmad Wani


This study is an attempt to study the broad patterns of social stratification prevailing in district Pulwama. As a complex social phenomenon, social stratification which refers to the division of the society into various hierarchical strata is as old as human civilization, while many have talked about a „classless? societies of either the past or the future, but these ideas found very little support in historical experience. Though the phenomenon is common to all societies but its nature and forms vary from society to society, and from culture to culture.


Constraints of Work Life Balance of Women Entrepreneurs in Kokrajhar and Chirang District, BTAD, Assam

Kripanjali Pradhani & Dr. Soma Roy Dey Choudhury


Entrepreneurship is a heroic mission for women in BTAD, Assam. Women entrepreneur is a human being who accepts challenges to congregate their personal needs and turn out to be economically self-sufficient, risk takers, leadership qualities and maintains their family unit healthier than their husbands. According to Beryl Ayn Young, work-life-balance means setting to commitments (both for work and home) and sticking to them. Work-life-balance is being able to flexibly handle multiple responsibilities- at home, work and in the society without fault or lament. A nation can only be developing if its women are getting numerous opportunities and freedom to success. The data was collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary data was collected through a well structured questionnaire and interview. A sample of 25 respondents is being collected from Kokrajhar and Chirang district of BTAD, Assam registered under DIC. The collected data are analysed and interpreted using tables and descriptive statistics by SPSS and MS Excel. The main objective is to study the demographic characteristics of women entrepreneurship and how the women entrepreneurs manage work life balance. The study shows that extensive support and encouragement from family and society has helped the women entrepreneurs to achieve the height of new scale in business ventures.


Working Women: Problems and Prospects-A Sociological Study on the Status of Women

Ms. Sugandha Kohli


It has been seen that the status of women has been changing and women have attained remarkable success in what was once considered the “male domain” working world. Worldwide the number of women in the workforce has increased over the years with a corresponding increase in the number of highly educated women equipped with technical know-how. However, discrimination against women in the workplace is explicitly seen as few women are able to reach on the top in private sector. In the present paper an attempt has been made to study the various issues related to the women worker at workplace in private sector organisation.


Mgnrega : a critical appraisal of its operation in deogaon block of bolangir district in odisha

Kishor Ch. Sahu


Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is one of the world’s largest social protection initiatives taken by the government of India to provide legal guarantee of work to the rural masses. Basing upon the secondary data for last five years, this study is an attempt to examine the operation of the vital provisions of the Act such as employment on demand, completion of 100 days of guaranteed work, minimum one third of employment to women and financial performance with respect to wage expenditure in Deogaon block of Bolangir district, a most backward region of Western Odisha.. The analysis of data revealed that an average of 81% of house hold provided employment on demand with very poor performance of completion of minimum days of work. The employment towards women beneficiaries also found much below than the provisions of the act during the first three years under study. However, the wage material ratio of 60:40 has been maintained in all the years in Deogaon block.


Floods in Jammu & Kashmir with special reference to 2014

Ummar Ahad


On September, 7, 2014, the river Jhelum, Jammu and Kashmir, was inundated by flood water everywhere smashing everything in its way. The flood waters, triggered by seven days of unusual heavy rains, caused havoc in the region. They washed away crops, orchards and devastated housing and business infrastructure. The main brunt of the ferocious floods, described as the “extreme of the extreme”, was borne by Srinagar city - the city known as the summer capital of Kashmir - home to around two million people. Many remained trapped on roof tops, evading flood waters, for weeks. All major hospitals, shops and pharmacies were inundated and roads were washed away, plunging the Kashmir valley into chaos and causing unimaginable suffering. More than half a million people, most of them in Srinagar city, got trapped in their houses as the city was submerged under 18 feet water for more than three weeks. It was a nightmarish experience within few hours the whole localities got submerged and no way to flee.