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Papers are invite for publication in Volume 14 Number 02 (June 2024)

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Post-Soviet Russia revolution on transition in Russia was marked by various political experiments

Madhusudhan Karmakar


This work examines the process of Refederalization and scope of Federalism in Post-Soviet Russia. Russian federal system underwent through various changes after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. It came into existence because of various treaties signed between the central government and the regions. Russian federal structure is asymmetrical in nature, marked by conflict over system of power sharing between the Center and the regions. An institutional mechanism has been created to ensure the effective implementation of federal principles. But an overarching control of President over political affairs, foreign policy and economy could prove harmful for the successful evolution of a federal state in Russia.  

Nutritional status of students in primary classes of Kaushambi, Uttar Pradesh

Sayantika Palvan


For giving a boost to universalisation of primary education by increasing enrolment, attendance and retention and simultaneously improving the nutritional status of students in primary classes, The National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education which is popularly known as the Mid-day Meal Scheme was launched by the Government of India in 1995. In this research study an evaluation of Mid Day Programme in Kaushambi is being done mainly based on primary data. The universe of the study is Kaushambi block Muratganj and the sample size used is 100 children of government schools. Views of some of the available teachers in the schools are also covered in this study. The study states that MDM Programmme is really helpful in removing classroom hunger, increasing enrollments and daily attendance of the children. Several steps are yet to be taken to improve the implementation of the programme and to provide best quality of Mid-Day Meal to school children.



Land-use status of Jalpaiguri district and compare it to state and nation

Mr. Braja Kishore Sahoo


Today the rational use of land has great importance due to growth of population, as well as the increasing demand of food grain. The importance that the question has gained today is the consequence of years of socio-economic development and of a new agriculture order and the generation of new agrarian surpluses. Jalpaiguri is poised for further and rapid advance into a new phase of industrial modernization, urbanization and diversification into different forms of non agriculture economic activity. In the permanently settled parganas of the district most of the available land is under cultivation and there is not much room for extension. This paper will show us the land use pattern of the district as well as its further recommendation.


The pioneering practice of food fermentation shares an integral part of cultural heritage from ancient Indian civilization

Amal kumar Deshmukh


The pioneering practice of food fermentation shares an integral part of cultural heritage from ancient Indian civilization for sustained nutrition and food preservation. More than five thousand different fermented foods are being consumed worldwide, many of which are produced by native people of certain locality using locally available plant or animal products. These are prepared either naturally or by adding starter cultures containing some specific microorganisms which can modify the substrate into edible product. Assam, the second largest state of Northeast India, is rich in both biological and cultural diversity and inhibited by a number of ethnic communities. This study documents the traditional knowledge on fermented food products of Lakhimpur District of Assam, India.


The relationship among language, culture and thought and There addition to a variety of gestures, rituals and paralinguistic features- A study

Rajashekhar Shirvalkar


Learning a language is as crucially dependent on factors within learners as it is upon those without. People do not learn a language which is not available to them either in visual, auditory or some other forms. What do learners learn, how they learn, what the role of social factors in their learning is and what is the role of individual factors in the learning; all these are very interesting questions in the field of second language acquisition. Language learning or acquisition both are synonymous words in recent years. But second language acquisition is a different process from the first language learning, because human beings are genetically prepared for having the full fledged idea of their first language which is innate by nature, but un-consciously second language is acquired by them depending upon their various socio-cultural learning situations mediated by media, which is taking place through dialogue, with classroom discourse, reflecting the history, cultural values and social practices of children’s schools and communities.


Levels of educational development in Bankura District, West Bengal

Dr. Anjumoni Boruah


literacy may be defined as the person who is  more than seven years of age read, write and understanding in any language of society . It is an essential part of human life which eradicates poverty and mental isolations. Literacy influences on society for creating friendly and peaceful environment. It is an important index of development of society. It influences on fertility, mortality, social advancement, friendly international relations, economic growth, political maturity, occupation etc. Illiteracy on the other hand is the major hindrance of development.  It retarded society from of all sides by ignorance of real understanding of society. The district Bankura is located in between 22038'N to 23038'N latitude and 86036' E to 87046' E longitude. It is located at the western part of West Bengal and eastern part of Chhotonagpur plateau. The eastern part of this district is a part of Gangetic deltaic region. According to the census 2011 more than quarter number peoples are illiterates. Here the literacy is 70.26% where the male is 80.05% and female is only 60.05%. Here many people migrates seasonally to the eastern part of some other district like Burdwan and Hooghly as a labour  to the agricultural field of paddy sowing and cutting  times of both aman and boro seasons. Here many people are very poor. In this paper I will try to show the development and problem of literacy by different statistical, cartographic methods. Literacy development index and index of deprivation have been computed for this purposes and lastly a major comparison will be made to show the temporal variation and trends of literacy.



Urban socio-economic Domination on rural neighbourhood: a micro level study

Mr. Jaba Dutta


Urban growth and sprawl have an influence on surrounding rural areas. Shankarpur mouja, a suburb of Durgapur Steel Township, West Bengal, experienced a rapid growth of population as well as socio-economic development. The study found that over 95% workers of the mouja were engaged in secondary and tertiary activity and only 3% workers were involved in agricultural sector which was the opposite picture of any purely rural area. The main aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of urbanity on neighbourhood rural area. Data were collected from field survey and different secondary sources. Microsoft Excel and QGIS 2.8 RS-GIS Software were applied for the study. It was recorded in the study that Land use pattern of the mouja also got affected by Neighbourhood Township.  During the last few decades, the amount of settlement area of the mouja expanded at the cost of agricultural land and forest land. A clear indication of unsustainable land use change was recorded in the study. In the concluding part, restriction against unsustainable land use change and eradication of socio-economic inequality among the inhabitants were recommended.


Ecological study of flora is an important indication as it forms baseline data for the distribution of plant species or communities and their relation with physical environment of particular area

Soni Raj


Pteridophytes are the primitive vascular plants, they are found scattered all over the globe and quite many of them occur in India. However, they are not found throught the country. Pteridophytes make as important contribution to the earth’s plant diversity. Being the second largest group of vascular plants, they form a significant and dominant component of many plant communities. All human activities disturb the vegetation by eliminating many species. So an up to date study is very important for knowing about flora, especially in the case of pteridophytes. The present effort was undertaken to enumerate the pteridophytic species present in Kilavarai freshwater river situated in Palni hills of southern Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India, the study was carried out from December 2014 to January 2016. The result of the present study revealed that 36 pteridophytic species belonging to 25 genera distributed among 19 families were noted from the study site. Among the families recorded, Adiantaceae (16.67%) was found to be dominant and largest family comprising 6 species. Polypodiaceae and Pteridaceae (each of 11.11%) shared the second largest family status; they were represented by 4 species each. The third largest family was Lycopodiaceae (8.33%); it was represented by 3 species. The families Cheilanthaceae, Nephrolepidaceae and Selaginellaceae were recorded with each of 2 species (5.56%) and 11 families were represented by single species (2.78%). Moreover, terrestrial species (27 species) were found to be more in number than epiphytic (5 species), 3 species were found as both epiphytic and lithophytic species and 1 species was recorded as purely lithophytic.